- When do I need to see a psychologist?
- How does a psychologist differ from a psychiatrist?
- What does a psychologist do?
- How do people benefit from working with a psychologist?
- What types of problems do psychologists address?
Psychological problems include: Depression and suicidal, anxiety and excessive worry, fears, loneliness and isolation. Usually, a person suffering from one or more of these problems is having difficulty functioning in their daily lives or in enjoying them. Some patients are suffering from more severe mental illness. With the proper supports, these patients can live happy and productive lives.
Health and Lifestyle Management is a big focus in psychology today. Mind-Body Health is concerned with helping people to live more healthfully, balancing their lives so as to include rewarding and nurturing experiences, minimizing or eliminating the effects of poor health habits (e.g. alcohol and drug addiction, poor diet, cigarette smoking, excessive stress) and managing medical regimens properly. It can also include helping patients to take a more active role in their health care and to feel empowered working with the medical and insurance establishment.
Existential Despair, most often, but not always, found toward the end of life, usually results from losses and disappointments that begin to surface as people retire, lose close relationships to death or distance, lose independence and lose health. It is characterized by any of the following: depression, anxiety, withdrawal, bitterness, anger, and feelings of inadequacy, incompetence, or uselessness)
- What are some of the techniques used to address these issues?
Insight-oriented psychotherapy helps people understand their lives and their behavior. It aims to help people avoid repeating the same mistakes, getting into the same awkward situations or living through the same bad relationships.
Stress reduction and relaxation Anxious patients can be taught non-chemical (non-drug) techniques which they can use to reduce fears and worries which would otherwise make them act out impulsively and inappropriately. Chronic stress leads to depression and eventually to the deterioration of physical health. It is not inevitable and can be fixed.
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques can be used to help people change the kind of ineffective thinking which leads to relationship failure, feelings of powerlessness, loneliness, and the sense of being stuck. Cognitive-behavioral techniques also include visualization, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.
Psychoanalysis is a more intensive type of therapy in which the person explores their life and relationships in great detail to better understand and sometimes to change them. Psychoanalysis can be effective for people who keep repeating the same mistakes in their relationships, jobs or other parts of their lives. It can be helpful for people who feel that their lives are meaningless or empty and for people who have trouble connecting with others and establishing meaningful relationships. Psychoanalytic treatments usually consist of 2-4 sessions per week and takes place over a longer period of time, due to the intensity of the work to be undertaken.
- How long does therapy last?
Therapy specialties include Technique specialties, for example:
Psychoanalysis, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and hypnotherapy. Problem specialties include anxiety, depression, mind-body health, sexual dysfunction. Population specialties include children and adolescents, couples, LGBT, patients with disabilities, aging and retirement. It’s often best if you can be specific about what brings you to therapy as you make your search.
Once you have decided that you are ready to consult a psychologist, the next step is to find one who can work well with you. If you are looking for a particular type of therapy, if you are suffering from a particular type of psychological problem or if you want someone who specializes in your particular group, it is helpful to find a therapist known for working in that specialty.
Often getting a recommendation from a friend or relative who has had a successful therapy is a good way to go. If that person's therapist is not available, he or she is likely to be able to recommend someone whose work they respect. Contact your state psychological association. These groups often have a referral service and/or a "list serve" to announce specific referral requests. All state associations are called "your state "Psychological Association" and are usually listed in a telephone directory or on the internet.
If you have mental health insurance, you may be limited to a certain pool of therapists. If possible, see if you can get a recommendation for someone on this list. See insurance, below:
Using your health insurance benefits.
Mental health benefits have undergone some changes in the last few years. Increasingly, psychological benefits are being restricted and out-of-network benefits, eliminated. Currently, Timothy’s Law, also called Mental Health Parity, require insurance companies to provide equal benefits for mental and physical health. Having said this, it is important to check with your insurance company to see if they include mental health benefits, whether they are required to be in-network or can be out-of-network and what the deductibles and co-pays are. Some of the deductibles and copay have increased dramatically which may allow you to consider an out-of-network provider.
Whether to use your mental health insurance benefits.
Even if you have mental health insurance benefits, it is worth considering whether or not to use them. In order to be reimbursed, all mental health professionals must provide both a diagnosis and at some point in the treatment may have to give some description of your psychological condition and progress, in order to justify the service as "medically necessary." This information can be quite detailed. When you pay out of pocket, no information about you is shared with anyone.
The problem of Phantom networks.
Another reason you may have to use an out-of-network benefit is that some insurance companies offer what are called "phantom networks," that is, they have listings for mental health practitioners who, though listed, are not accepting new patients or who have actually withdrawn from insurance panels. The patient calls around but finds that it is impossible to actually get services despite an extensive list of names.
Using "out-of-network" benefits.
The most flexibility occurs if you have a policy that allows using an "out of network” therapist. In this case, you pay the therapist directly and the insurance reimburses you for the services at rate that is often similar to what you would be paying an in-network provider, anyway. Or, you would see a Psychiatrists. Which they are Primary Care Doctors for Mental health. Our Psychiatrist, Dr. Mian, concentrates on treating the overall psychological well-being in patients, capable of detecting and managing the various forms of mental illness. These may include things like depression, eating disorders, bipolar disorder or anxiety disorders (just to name a few). Dr. Mian may provide treatments which range from medication management plans to unique methods of therapy
To get a proper evaluation of your needs (child/teen/adult), please contact our office at 502-408-1847 (Mon-Thur) 10Am-4PM. Or, you can contact our Director of Psychiatry (Dr. Mian) by visiting this link: Alliance in Psychiatry